Administrative divisions of Nepal
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Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Sidebar/configuration' not found. The administrative divisions of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रशासनिक विभाजन, romanized: Nēpālakō praśāsanik vibhājana) are subnational administrative units of Nepal. The first level of country subdivision of Nepal are the provinces. Each province is further subdivided into districts, each district into municipalities and rural municipalities, and each of those municipalities into wards. Before 2015, instead of provinces, Nepal was divided into developmental regions and administrative zones.
Fulfilling the requirement of the new constitution of Nepal in 2015, all old municipalities and villages (which were more than 3900 in number) were restructured into 753 new municipalities and rural municipalities. The former 75 district development committees (DDC) were also replaced by 77 new district coordination committees (DCC) which have much less power than the DDCs. At present there are 6 metropolitan cities, 11 sub-metropolitan cities, 276 municipalities, and 460 rural municipalities.
|7 Provinces (e.g. Karnali)|
|77 Districts (e.g. Nuwakot)|
|6 Metro Cities (e.g. Kathmandu)||11 Sub-Metro Cities (e.g. Dharan)||276 Municipalities (e.g. Lamki Chuha)||460 Rural Municipalities (e.g. Dordi)|
Provinces[edit | edit source]
Nepal is composed of seven provinces. They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Two districts however are split in two parts ending up in two different provinces.
|Provinces||Capital||Area (km2)||Population (2011)|
|1||Province No. 1||Biratnagar||25,905||4,534,943|
|2||Province No. 2||Janakpur||9,661||5,404,145|
Districts[edit | edit source]
Municipalities of Nepal[edit | edit source]
Urban Municipalities[edit | edit source]
Municipalities are places having at least some minimum criteria of population and infrastructure and declared as a municipality by the government. There are 293 municipalities in Nepal.
Urban municipalities are categorized into 3 levels:
- Metropolitan city (Mahanagarpalika)
- Sub metropolitan city (Upmahanagarpalika)
- Municipality (Nagarpalika)
Largest cities or towns in Nepal
Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration 
|2||Pokhara||Gandaki||414,141||12||Itahari||Province No. 1||140,517|
|5||Birgunj||Province No. 2||240,922||15||Dharan||Province No. 1||137,705|
|6||Biratnagar||Province No. 1||214,662||16||Kalaiya||Province No. 2||123,659|
|7||Janakpur||Province No. 2||159,468||17||Jitpur Simara||Province No. 2||117,496|
|8||Ghorahi||Lumbini||156,164||18||Mechinagar||Province No. 1||111,797|
Rural Municipalities[edit | edit source]
Rural municipalities (Gaunpalikas) were established in 2017, replacing the village development committees (VDCs). The main purpose of a gaunpalika resembles that of a VDC, but it has more rights on collection of royalty and taxes and has a higher annual budget than the VDC. Several VDCs were usually combined into each new gaupalika. There are 460 gaunpalikas in Nepal.
Former development regions and zones[edit | edit source]
Prior to 10 September 2015, Nepal was divided into five developmental regions and fourteen administrative zones. At the time of the 2001 census, it was further subdivided into seventy-five districts. Districts were divided into village development committees and municipalities. In the 2001 census, there were 3,915 VDCs and fifty-eight municipalities.
- Far Western
See also[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "New local level structure comes into effect from today". www.thehimalayantimes.com. The Himalayan Times. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Govt prepares to add 9 more local levels in Province 2". www.kathmandupost.ekantipur.com. Kantipur Publication. 11 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
- "Nepal divided by new constitution - Foreign Policy News". foreignpolicynews.org. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
- 2011 Census District Level Detail Report Archived 2018-09-02 at the Wayback Machine, Central Bureau of Statistics.
- "Sudurpaschim Province crying for its permanent capital". The Himalayan Times. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
- "There will be 77 districts in the country: Minister Thapa". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
- Administrative Divisions (Map). Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Nepal. 2001. Archived from the original on 2 September 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2018.