Administrative divisions of Nepal

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Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Sidebar/configuration' not found. The administrative divisions of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रशासनिक विभाजन, romanized: Nēpālakō praśāsanik vibhājana) are subnational administrative units of Nepal. The first level of country subdivision of Nepal are the provinces. Each province is further subdivided into districts, each district into municipalities and rural municipalities, and each of those municipalities into wards. Before 2015, instead of provinces, Nepal was divided into developmental regions and administrative zones.

Fulfilling the requirement of the new constitution of Nepal in 2015, all old municipalities and villages (which were more than 3900 in number) were restructured into 753 new municipalities and rural municipalities.[1][2] The former 75 district development committees (DDC) were also replaced by 77 new district coordination committees (DCC) which have much less power than the DDCs. At present there are 6 metropolitan cities, 11 sub-metropolitan cities, 276 municipalities, and 460 rural municipalities.

Federal Government
7 Provinces (e.g. Karnali)
77 Districts (e.g. Nuwakot)
6 Metro Cities (e.g. Kathmandu)11 Sub-Metro Cities (e.g. Dharan)276 Municipalities (e.g. Lamki Chuha)460 Rural Municipalities (e.g. Dordi)

Provinces[edit | edit source]

7 Provinces of Nepal

Nepal is composed of seven provinces.[3] They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Two districts however are split in two parts ending up in two different provinces.

Provinces Capital Area (km2) Population (2011)[4]
1 Province No. 1 Biratnagar 25,905 4,534,943
2 Province No. 2 Janakpur 9,661 5,404,145
3 Bagmati Hetauda 20,300 5,529,452
4 Gandaki Pokhara 21,504 2,403,757
5 Lumbini Deukhuri 22,288 4,741,716
6 Karnali Birendranagar 27,984 1,327,957
7 Sudurpashchim Dhangadhi[lower-alpha 1] 19,539 2,552,517

Districts[edit | edit source]

77 Districts of Nepal

Provinces are further divided into districts, of which there are 77 (as of 2017).[6] Each districts is governed by a District Coordination Committee.

# Province District Headquarters Area (km2) Population (2011)[4]
1 Province No. 1 Taplejung District Taplejung 3,646 127,461
2 Panchthar District Phidim 1,241 191,817
3 Ilam District Ilam 1,703 290,254
4 Jhapa District Bhadrapur 1,606 812,650
5 Morang District Biratnagar 1,855 965,370
6 Sunsari District Inaruwa 1,257 763,487
7 Dhankuta District Dhankuta 891 163,412
8 Terhathum District Myanglung 679 101,577
9 Sankhuwasabha District Khandbari 3,480 158,742
10 Bhojpur District Bhojpur 1,507 182,459
11 Solukhumbu District Dudhkunda 3,312 105,886
12 Okhaldhunga District Siddhicharan 1,074 147,984
13 Khotang District Diktel 1,591 206,312
14 Udayapur District Triyuga 2,063 317,532
15 Province No. 2 Saptari District Rajbiraj 1,363 639,284
16 Siraha District Siraha 1,188 637,328
17 Dhanusa District Janakpur 1,180 754,777
18 Mahottari District Jaleshwar 1,002 627,580
19 Sarlahi District Malangwa 1,259 769,729
20 Bara District Kalaiya 1,190 687,708
21 Parsa District Birganj 1,353 601,017
22 Rautahat District Gaur 1,126 686,722
23 Bagmati Sindhuli District Kamalamai 2,491 296,192
24 Ramechhap District Manthali 1,546 202,646
25 Dolakha District Bhimeshwar 2,191 186,557
26 Sindhupalchok District Chautara 2,542 287,798
27 Kavrepalanchok District Dhulikhel 1,396 381,937
28 Lalitpur District Lalitpur 385 468,132
29 Bhaktapur District Bhaktapur 119 304,651
30 Kathmandu District Kathmandu 395 1,744,240
31 Nuwakot District Bidur 1,121 277,471
32 Rasuwa District Dhunche 1,544 43,300
33 Dhading District Nilkantha 1,926 336,067
34 Makwanpur District Hetauda 2,426 420,477
35 Chitwan District Bharatpur 2,218 579,984
36 Gandaki Gorkha District Gorkha 3,610 271,061
37 Lamjung District Besisahar 1,692 167,724
38 Tanahun District Byas 1,546 323,288
39 Syangja District Putalibazar 1,164 289,148
40 Kaski District Pokhara 2,017 492,098
41 Manang District Chame 2,246 6,538
42 Mustang District Jomsom 3,573 13,452
43 Myagdi District Beni 2,297 113,641
44 Nawalpur District Kawasoti 1,043.1 311,604
45 Parbat District Kusma 494 146,590
46 Baglung District Baglung 1,784 268,613
47 Lumbini Gulmi District Resunga 1,149 280,160
48 Palpa District Tansen 1,373 261,180
49 Parasi District Ramgram 634.88 331,904
50 Rupandehi District Siddharthanagar 1,360 880,196
51 Kapilvastu District Kapilvastu 1,738 571,936
52 Arghakhanchi District Sandhikharka 1,193 197,632
53 Pyuthan District Pyuthan 1,309 228,102
54 Rolpa District Liwang 1,879 224,506
55 Eastern Rukum District Rukumkot 1,161.13 53,184
56 Banke District Nepalganj 2,337 491,313
57 Bardiya District Gulariya 2,025 426,576
58 Dang District Tribhuwannagar 2,955 552,583
59 Karnali Western Rukum District Musikot 1,213.49 155,384
60 Salyan District Salyan 1,462 242,444
61 Surkhet District Birendranagar 2,451 350,804
62 Dailekh District Narayan 1,502 261,770
63 Jajarkot District Khalanga 2,230 171,304
64 Dolpa District Dunai 7,889 36,700
65 Jumla District Chandannath 2,531 108,921
66 Kalikot District Manma 1,741 136,948
67 Mugu District Gamgadhi 3,535 55,286
68 Humla District Simikot 5,655 50,858
69 Sudurpashchim Bajura District Martadi 2,188 134,912
70 Bajhang District Jayaprithvi 3,422 195,159
71 Achham District Mangalsen 1,680 257,477
72 Doti District Dipayal Silgadhi 2,025 211,746
73 Kailali District Dhangadhi 3,235 775,709
74 Kanchanpur District Bhimdatta 1,610 451,248
75 Dadeldhura District Amargadhi 1,538 142,094
76 Baitadi District Dasharathchand 1,519 250,898
77 Darchula District Api 2,322 133,274

Municipalities of Nepal[edit | edit source]

Urban Municipalities[edit | edit source]

Municipalities are places having at least some minimum criteria of population and infrastructure and declared as a municipality by the government. There are 293 municipalities in Nepal.

Urban municipalities are categorized into 3 levels:

  • Metropolitan city (Mahanagarpalika)
  • Sub metropolitan city (Upmahanagarpalika)
  • Municipality (Nagarpalika)

There are six metropolitan cities; the capital city Kathmandu, as well as Bharatpur, Biratnagar, Pokhara, Lalitpur and Birgunj. There are 11 sub-metropolitan cities and 276 municipalities.

Rural Municipalities[edit | edit source]

Rural municipalities (Gaunpalikas) were established in 2017, replacing the village development committees (VDCs). The main purpose of a gaunpalika resembles that of a VDC, but it has more rights on collection of royalty and taxes and has a higher annual budget than the VDC. Several VDCs were usually combined into each new gaupalika. There are 460 gaunpalikas in Nepal.

Former development regions and zones[edit | edit source]

Prior to 10 September 2015, Nepal was divided into five developmental regions and fourteen administrative zones. At the time of the 2001 census, it was further subdivided into seventy-five districts. Districts were divided into village development committees and municipalities. In the 2001 census, there were 3,915 VDCs and fifty-eight municipalities.[7]

Development Regions:

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Temporary capital until permanent capital is built in Godawari[5]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "New local level structure comes into effect from today". www.thehimalayantimes.com. The Himalayan Times. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  2. "Govt prepares to add 9 more local levels in Province 2". www.kathmandupost.ekantipur.com. Kantipur Publication. 11 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  3. "Nepal divided by new constitution - Foreign Policy News". foreignpolicynews.org. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  4. 4.0 4.1 2011 Census District Level Detail Report Archived 2018-09-02 at the Wayback Machine, Central Bureau of Statistics.
  5. "Sudurpaschim Province crying for its permanent capital". The Himalayan Times. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  6. "There will be 77 districts in the country: Minister Thapa". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  7. Administrative Divisions (Map). Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Nepal. 2001. Archived from the original on 2 September 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2018.